Within the framework of its own industrial activity, l’Archivio Centrale dello Stato (Central Archive of the State) makes available to users an important series of databases.
The patent documentation hold in the Archivio Centrale (Central Archive) consists in 80,000 files: 171,000 files are trademarks or hallmark deposited by Ministero dello Sviluppo Economico (Minister of the Economic Development). The marks, as the inventions and the models, represent not just the technical progress, but also the evolution of the taste, graphic, and lexical form.
The database presents the sheets referred to the government after the Italian Unity until 1970, when, by the law n. 281, ordinary statue regions were founded. For each government are reported the legislature and the beginning and the end of the Ministers. In many cases, the date referred to the end of the ministers is not the one of the Acceptance Decree of resignation from the king or the Republic President, but it is the one of the appointment to the next government. In these cases is given the date of the acceptance Decree of resignation. The government’s sheets linked to the ones concerning ministries, undersecretaries, commissariats, general secretaries, etc. There are also the complete biography of all who had an important role in the government.
ALLIED CONTROL COMMISSION AND ALLIED MILITARY GOVERNMENT
The archive, produced by Allied Control Commission and Allied Military Government, which worked in Italy between 1943 and 1947, is held at the National Archives and Record Administration of Washington. At the Archivio Centrale dello Stato (Central Archive of the State) is possible consult its reproduction on microfilm. Nowadays the users can consult again online the inventory and the digital images about 2 million records.
WARNING: to visualize the inventory’s documents is necessary use the browser “Internet Explorer”, at the site to the Viewer Compatibility Settings, and install it.
The archive consists in 152,589 personal files and the mainly documentation is from 1894 to 1945. The files contain informative notes, reports, verbal interrogations, police measures, instructions for the subscription in the Border Address Book or in the Research Bulletin and often a biographical sheet that reproduces chronologically briefly all the monitored activities. The documents dated after 1945 refer to the practices for granting the benefits accorded to the persecuted politicians of the fascist regime. In 2012, was created a new database interface to allow an immediate approach to exploring one of the most consulted archives of the Archivio Centrale dello Stato (Central Archive of the State). Some files have been scanned and made available through a link to the e-commerce section of the Archivio Centrale dello Stato (Central Archive of the State).
Thanks to a convention with the historical Archive of the Republic’s Senate, has been created and published online a digital security copy of the normative acts and annexes included in the official collection of laws and decrees for the period 1861-1914 (in the next few years we will digitalize and describe the normative act of the period 1915-1931). The database for the period 1861-1914 is already available in the online Archive database accessible from the Senate’s website.
The Archivio Centrale dello Stato (Central Archive of the State) makes available 433 interviews in Italian through the collaboration of the General Directorate for Archives with the USC Shoah Foundation – the Institute of Visual History and Education in Los Angeles (now the cultural institution created by Steven Spielberg for collecting testimonies of the survivors of the Shoah). Witnesses of Fascist and Nazi persecution were interviewed against Jews, homosexual, Sinti and Roma and victims of Eugenic Experiments, starting from 1933 and until the end of World War Second. Among them, the survivors of the concertation and extermination camps, the people who have been saved from the escape or hiding, who helped and rescued them, belonging to resistance formations, those who liberated the camps and people who, in a different way, participated in war crimes trial.
The cataloguing and the digitalization of the documentation have been realized during the project “Archives online”, promoted by the Senate of the Republic since 2003 with the aim of achieving effective integration of sources for political and industrial history, also in order to define Cross-search across different funds with a single search engine.
It contains documentation about political, parliamentary and government activities, as well as personal correspondence and cards. The cataloguing and the digitalization of the documentation have been realized during the project “Archives online”, promoted by the Senate of the Republic since 2003 with the aim of achieving effective integration of sources for political and industrial history, also in order to define Cross-search across different funds with a single search engine.
The publication online of the database of all the minutes of the Council for Archives and the jury, which affixed it for several decades, makes available to users a key-tool for the history of the Italian archival administration: from the first decades of nation unity (which laid the bases for the organization of a concentration’s organic system) at the beginning of the 20th century (with the contribution to the operation of the current archives of the central Ministry), to the “twenty years of the Fascist Regime” (where the question of vigilant on non-governmental archives), up to the years of the balance of serious damage to the war and finally the creation of the Ministry for Cultural and Environmental Heritage and the release of archives from the interior Ministry.
The archive was purchased in 1999 on an auction from Christie’s, by the Superintendence for archival heritage in agreement with the Archivio Centrale dello Stato (Central Archive of the State) to which it was intended. It includes 900 photographs (divided into three albums) about the First World War taken both in the back and in the front-line of the Italian-Austrian front by two staff members of the Major State: Francesco Tamburini and Luigi Marzocchi. The collection is completed with 500 stereoscopic slabs.
The Fascist National Party’s propaganda office in June 1940 commissioned the Istituto LUCE to provide photographic service to document Italy’s entry and participation in the world conflict. The over 24,000 photographs held by Archivio Centrale dello Stato (Central Archive of the State) testify from 1940 to the summer of 1942 the military action, aviation, navy, special bodies on the various fronts of war, as well as military ceremonies and visits by the King, Mussolini, Hitler and other prominent figures. The shots can be attributed with a good chance – completely or in part – to the reporter at the front of LUCE institute and painter Maceo Casadei (Forlì, 1899-1992), because about 40 images of the collection reproduce his designs on the subject of war.
More than 20,000 pieces (documents, photographs, memorabilia, books, etc.) are collected to organize in Rome in 1932 an exhibition for the celebration of the decade of marching on Rome through the decisive moments of the affirmation of Fascism: interventionism, war 1915-1918, foundation of the battle bands, Fiume, 1920, 1921, 1922, march on Rome. The exhibition was reprinted and updated in 1937 and 1942. In the Exhibit Series, at the beginning, the material was collected for the reproduction of the Exhibition. In the photographic Service Series, a copy is stored for the material that is actually exposed.
This photographic archive includes 3795 photographs of the LUCE Institute commissioned by the same institute by the Fascist National Party’s propaganda office to document receptions, visits, travels, inaugurations, ceremonies, etc. of and with Benito Mussolini from March 2, 1927 to November 31, 1941. This is especially the case for public events, with the head of the government – almost always accompanied by the party secretary – portrayed by the major institutional, political, military, cultural, and other foreign representatives . There are also Benito Mussolini and his family’s private photos.
This fund includes 2492 portraits of personality made by the photographer Severino Crescente in his atelier of Via Flaminia 21 in Rome from 1948 to 1961. It treats especially politicians and also medical science and Catholic Church.
It is one of the most consulted databases of the heraldry section, made up of about 8000 records relating to files addressed to municipalities and provinces with the relative approvals of coats of arms, gonfalons, emblems, flags and seals. The possible presence of original designs of the approved coats of arms corresponding to the individual decree was electronically reported in the database and the images were associated with the reference decrees (approximately 1500 images).